The National Organic Program (NOP) develops the rules & regulations for the production, handling, labeling, and enforcement of all USDA organic products. This process, referred to as rulemaking, involves input from the National Organic Standards Board (a Federal Advisory Committee made up of fifteen members of the public) and the public. The NOP also maintains a Handbook that includes guidance, instructions, policy memos, and other documents that communicate the organic standards.
Organic farming is a way of producing food that respects natural life cycles. It minimises the human impact on the environment and operates as naturally as possible without using GMO.
The principle of organic agriculture is the sustainable production of food from balanced and fertile soil. The farm has to be managed according to the organic regulations without genetically modified organisms (GMO) and synthetics. During production and processing, the organic and non-organic products must be clearly separated and contamination must be prevented. To reach the organic market, the whole chain of organic production needs to be inspected. Should all requirements be fulfilled, the organic certificate can be issued and the applicable logo can be used on the certified products.
Fair for Life promotes an approach of Fair Trade that allows all producers and workers who are at a socio-economic disadvantage to access a wider range of social and economic benefits. Fair Trade is part of a broader context of sustainable development within a region that safeguards and supports the local social fabric, particularly in rural settings. These principles hold true equally well in the Global South as the Global North and apply throughout the whole supply chain covering producers, traders, manufacturers and brand holders.